George Smith… A name that will live in infamy…
1897: Officers make first drunk driving arrest
On this day in 1897, a twenty-five-year-old London taxi driver named George Smith became the first person ever arrested for drunk driving after slamming his cab into a building. Smith later pled guilty and was fined twenty-five shillings. In the United States, the first laws against operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol went into effect in New York in 1910. In 1953 Robert Borkenstein, a former Indiana state police captain and university professor, invented the Breathalyzer. Easier to use and more accurate than earlier devices, the Breathalyzer was the first practical device and scientific test available to police officers to establish whether someone had too much to drink.
From my History Channel page-a-day calendar today. Btw, apparently 25 shillings in 1897 would be £114.27 in 2011, or $182.87 at current exchange rates. Luckily the penalty is a bit steeper these days.